http://www.equiperenard.ca/medias-presentations-videos-2/In the field of academic research, the creation of research centres or networks stems from the idea that collaboration ties will positively influence researchers’ performance by enabling the exchange of resources, knowledge and experience. Funding agencies and universities are now particularly involved in supporting the formation of institutional networks. The question then is whether these structures aimed at supporting and strengthening collaborative research actually improve scientific achievements. One challenge is that researchers’ research networks are highly overlapping structures, making it difficult to assess the impact of any one’s formal research structure on a researcher’s performance . Given the strong competition to secure research funding and performance-based allocation methods, finding a way to improve the effectiveness of such institutional networks can have important implications.” Lien intéressant pour l’état de la connaissance en TC
This article discusses the nature and structure of scientific collaboration as well as the association between academic collaboration networks and scientific productivity. Based on empirical data gathered from the CVs of 73 researchers affiliated with an academic research network in Canada, this study used social network analysis (SNA) to examine the association between researchers’structural position in the network and their scientific performance. With reference to Granovetter’s and Burt’s theories on weak ties and structural holes, this article argues it is the bridging position a researcher holds in a scientific network that matters most to improve scientific performance. The results of correlation scores between network centrality and two different indicators of scientific performance indicate there is a robust association between researchers’structural position in collaboration networks and their scientific performance. We believe this finding, and the method we have developed, could have implications for the way research networks are managed and researchers are supported.
Contandriopoulos D, Duhoux A, Larouche C, Perroux M (2016) The Impact of a Researcher’s Structural Position on Scientific Performance: An Empirical Analysis. PLoS ONE 11(8): e0161281.